Most traffic regulations in the Australian Capital Territory, like those in other states and territories, are modeled after the Australian Road Rules. The Road Rules are updated from time to time by the National Transport Commission. Those updates are routinely adopted in the ACT. Because driving rules are reasonably uniform across Australia, drivers have a basic understanding of how to obey traffic laws no matter where they are driving.
Road rules regulate most aspects of driving behavior, including:
Sometimes, as in the case of “hoon” driving and mobile phone use, states and territories have gone farther than the Australian Road Rules. In addition, it is up to each state and territory to adopt its own fines for violations of traffic regulations. Demerit points for most traffic offences, howver, tend to be uniform across Australia.
Several laws in the ACT govern driving behaviour and create offences or punishments. The most important laws are described below.
This law, which was extensively overhauled in 2010, governs various offences relating to drink driving and drug driving in the ACT. Several articles explaining that law are linked below.
This law generally addresses more serious traffic offences than ordinary violations of the Road Rules. Offences created by the Act include:
The law addresses “hoon” behaviour by prohibiting burnouts and other driving that is considered antisocial. It also imposes obligations on drivers involved in traffic accidents.
Articles explaining some of the common offences created by Road Transport (Safety and Management) Act are linked below.
This law incorporates the Australian Road Rules into the law of the ACT and specifies exceptions to those rules. It also creates additional road rules that apply in the ACT. Some of those include:
The law also regulates the speed detection devices that the police are authorized to use and authorizes the immobilization of vehicles that are used to commit serious traffic offences.
We discuss speeding and some other Road Rules violations in the articles linked below. We also discuss immobilization in our articles on hoon driving.
This law defines how driving regulations are made and enforced in the ACT. It also deals with:
Road Transport (Offences) Regulation 2005
This law specifies fines and demerit points for traffic law violations in the ACT. It also creates rules that govern infringement notices.
The law creates rules for the issuance of various kinds of driver licences in the ACT and imposes certain obligations on license holders. It also regulates Ignition Interlock Devices that drink driving offenders are sometimes required to use as a condition of driving.
What You Need to Know
If you have been arrested for a traffic crime or issued an infraction notice, you should consider getting legal advice. You can only get that from a lawyer. In many cases, a lawyer can help you avoid or minimize the consequences of a traffic offence, including fines and demerit points or (for more serious offences) incarceration. A lawyer can help you understand the defences you may be able to raise and the actions you can take to persuade a court to grant leniency in your case.
The articles linked below are not intended as a replacement for legal advice. They are meant to give you useful information about common driving offences in the ACT. Understanding the laws and the potential consequences of violating those laws may help you decide whether you should consult a lawyer about the specific offence you have been accused of committing.